In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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These republican states were known as Gana.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Its location at the centre of the highways of trade of those days contributed to its wealth. The Buddhist Anguttara Nikayaat several places, [13] gives a list of sixteen great nations:. Kenoyer”Cultures and Societies of the Indus Tradition. According to these texts, Koshala was the most powerful and biggest kingdom janapsdas in the recorded history.

Similarly, the Yadava clan of kings formed numerous kingdoms in Central India. In ancient literature, the Kamboja is variously associated with the GandharaDarada and the Bahlika Bactria. XIII also attest that the Kambojas followed republican constitution. In the 4th century BCE, Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastra also attests the Panchalas as following the Rajashabdopajivin king consul constitution. The Kamboja Mahajanapada of the Buddhist traditions refers to this cis-Hindukush branch of ancient Kambojas.


A military campaign and tribute collection was often associated with a great sacrifice like Rajasuya or Ashvamedha conducted in the kingdom of the campaigning king. It had a monarchical form of government with its capital at Kausambi identified with the village Mahxjanapadas, 38 miles from Allahabad.

The Great Rebellionc. Sometimes, large forests, which were larger than the kingdoms themselves, formed their boundaries as was the case of Naimisha Forestthe NaimishaAranyam mahajanapxdas Panchala and Kosala kingdoms. The defeated king might sometimes be asked to give a tribute to the victorious king. Jayaswal have argued that the existence of such assemblies is evidence of prevalence of democracy in ancient India.

The term ” Janapada ” literally means the foothold of a tribe.

Mahajanapadas – Wikipedia

Udayana’s mother, Queen Mrigavatiis notable for being one of the earliest known female rulers in Indian mahajanapada. Historian Hem Chandra Raychaudhuri and F. The Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war.

There mhaajanapadas no annexation of one kingdom by another. The country of Avanti roughly corresponded to modern MalwaNimar and adjoining parts of today’s Madhya Pradesh. Use dmy dates from December Use Indian English from December All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English Pages using infobox country with unknown parameters Articles containing Sanskrit-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles with incomplete citations from March All janaladas with incomplete citations Articles with unsourced statements from February Madrasian Culture Soanianc.


It was located on a southern high road, the Dakshinapatha. Once again, Altekar argued that these conclusions are based on misinterpretations of the literary evidence.

Chalukya Dynastyc. Part of a series on the. Various kula s clans developed within the jana, each with its own chief. Lectures on the Ancient History of India from – B. It was the most important entreport of goods and passengers from the north-west and south. Kuru was born after 25 generations of Puru’s dynasty, janpadas after 15 generations of Kuru, Kauravas and Pandavas were born. Late medieval period — Colonial states — Portuguese India. Early modern period — Mughal Janapadxs.

The word pada means “foot” cf. The country of the Surasenas lay to the east of Matsya and west of Yamuna.

He was very powerful, warlike and fond of hunting.