Controls (ITGCs) Information Technology (“IT”) environments continue to increase in complexity with ever greater reliance on the information. IT general controls (ITGC) are the basic controls that can be applied to IT systems Logical access controls over applications, data and supporting infrastructure. Effect of ITGC on Application. Controls. • Effective IT general controls: – Help make sure that application controls function effectively over time.

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This includes electronic records which are created, sent, or received in connection with an audit or review. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. PC-based spreadsheets or databases are often used to provide critical data or calculations related to financial risk areas within the scope of a SOX assessment.

ITGC usually include the following types of controls:.

Information technology controls

The objectives of ITGCs are to ensure the proper development and implementation of applications, as well as the integrity of programs, data files, and computer operations. Itgcc business and accountinginformation technology controls or IT controls are specific activities performed controps persons or systems designed to ensure that business objectives are met.

In considering which controls to include in the program, organizations should recognize that IT controls can have a direct or indirect impact on the financial reporting process. Views Read Edit View history.

ITGC – Wikipedia

Operational processes are documented and practiced demonstrating the origins of data within the balance sheet. Information technology controls have been given increased prominence in corporations listed in controps United States by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

SOX part of United States federal law requires the chief executive and chief financial officers of public companies to attest to the accuracy of financial reports Section and require public companies to establish adequate internal controls over financial reporting Section GTAGs are written in straightforward business language to address a timely issue related cotnrols information technology IT management, control, and security. This scoping decision is part of the entity’s SOX top-down risk assessment.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Examples of general controls include the development and implementation of an IS strategy and an IS security policy, the organization of IS staff to separate conflicting duties and planning for disaster prevention and recovery. They can support complex calculations and provide significant flexibility. This article relies too much on references to primary sources.

Section requires public companies to disclose information conttrols material changes in their financial condition or operations on a rapid basis. The basic structure indicates that IT processes satisfy business requirements, which is enabled by specific Conrols control activities.

Companies must also account for changes that occur externally, such as changes by customers or business partners that could materially impact its own financial positioning e. Privacy Information technology governance. Section expects organizations to respond to questions on the management of SOX content. The objectives of general controls are to ensure the proper development and implementation of applications, the integrity of program and data files and of computer operations.

These controls vary based on the business purpose of the specific application. The five components of COSO can be visualized as the horizontal layers of a three-dimensional cube, with the COBIT objective domains-applying to each individually and in aggregate. As external auditors rely to a certain extent on the work of internal audit, it would imply that internal audit records must also comply with Section Auditing Information technology audit.

Financial spreadsheets are often categorized as end-user computing EUC tools that have historically been absent traditional IT controls.

To comply with Sarbanes-Oxley, organizations must understand how the financial reporting process works and must be able to identify the areas where technology plays a critical part.

Categories of IT application controls may include:. The business personnel are responsible for the remainder.

Public companies must disclose changes in their financial condition or operations in real time to protect investors from delayed reporting of material events. These cnotrols may also help ensure the privacy and security of data transmitted between applications. Fines and imprisonment for those who knowingly and willfully violate this section with respect to 1 destruction, alteration, or falsification of records in federal investigations and bankruptcy and 2 destruction of corporate audit records.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

contrils However, with flexibility and power comes the risk of errors, an increased potential for fraud, and misuse for critical spreadsheets not following the software development lifecycle e. IT application controls refer to transaction controle controls, sometimes called “input-processing-output” controls.

IT control objectives relate to the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and the overall management of the IT function of the business enterprise. ITGC include controls over the Information Technology IT environment, computer operations, access to programs and data, program development and program changes.

Information technology controls – Wikipedia

Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources. Audit data retained contrls may not be retrievable not because of data degradation, but because of obsolete equipment and storage media. Passage of SOX resulted in an increased focus on IT controls, as these support financial processing and therefore fall into the scope of management’s assessment of internal control under Section of SOX.

In addition, Statements on Auditing Standards No. It consists of domains and processes. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In addition, organizations should be prepared to defend the quality of contorls records management program RM ; comprehensiveness of RM i.

For instance, IT application controls that ensure completeness of transactions can be directly related to financial assertions. The five-year record retention requirement means that current technology must be able to support what was stored five years ago. Retrieved from ” https: