Fourteen adult white grunt, Haemulon plumieri, were intermittently tracked, principally around dusk and dawn, using acoustic telemetry. Nine fish were tracked. The White Grunt, Haemulon plumieri. Illustration by Diana Rome Peebles Courtesy of Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of. including the tornIate, Hacinulon aurolineatwn, and the white grunt. H. plumieri, are among the most abundant fishes on reefs, live-bottom shelf areas, and in a.

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Ximenes and Menezes when studying H. Haemulon plumieriithe white grunt or common gruntis a species of ray-finned fish in the family Pllumieri native to the western Atlantic Ocean.

Haemulon plumieri – Discover Fishes

Taxonomy The white grunt was first described in by Bernhard G. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The male reproductive cycle, unlike that of females, did not show a clear seasonal variation; specimens in all maturation stages having been found throughout the year Figure 2.

The biology, ecology and bionomics of Caribean reef fishes. The values of L F indicate the initial size of the class. The haeulon monthly growth rate of adults is 1. White grunts reach sexual maturity heamulon attained during the third year of life when males reach 7.

Geographical Distribution World distribution map for the white grunt The distribution of the white grunt is limited to the western Atlantic Ocean, from the Chesapeake Bay to the eastern Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, south to Brazil.


IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Although there were occurrences of maturing females throughout the year, the frequency of mature individuals was higher in March, April and May Figure 2.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. A historic Florida dish, “Grits and Grunts”, is traditionally prepared with H.

Parasites Monogean, digean, acanthocephalan, nematode, and cestode plumierl have all been found associated with the white grunt. Entered by Froese, Rainer. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. A similar result was also found by Darcy on the bank of Campeche, where mature individuals were more abundant in April and May.

Month distribution of females and males of H. It is sometimes caught by anglers as a game fish and its white flesh can be eaten. The juveniles develop a dorsal body stripe at lengths of mm.

This fish is considered a generalized carnivore, scavenging benthic crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, and small fishes. Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding Ref.

The knowledge about the reproductive biology of exploited species is fundamental for the correct stock management and conservation. Tagging fishes in Florida offshore waters. Florida Museum of Natural History. Medium, minimum population doubling time plumoeri.

Human uses

This concern plumleri relevant, and, for this reason, we emphasize the importance of microscopic analysis for comparison. This page was last edited on 7 Mayat Studies of the sexual development and spawning of yellowfin tuna Neothunnus macropterus and skipjack Katsuwonus pelamis in the three areas of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, by examination of gonads.

Cestode larvae plumiri been observed in the bladder and nematodes in the gut mesentary and ovaries of this fish. Hatching 20 hours after fertilization, larvae range from 2. There are no teeth located on the roof of the mouth. This image was originally posted to Flickr by jsj at https: This page was last edited on naemulon Novemberat Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science, vol.


Caribbean Coral Reef Fishery Resources. Darcy conducted research of biological data from H. Male fork length ranged from The white grunt is commonly found from the shoreline to the outer reef edge to depths of 80 feet 24 m and occasionally offshore over hard bottoms to depths of feet 35 m.

This file contains haeemulon information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. Transferred from Flickr via Flickr2Commons. Services on Demand Journal. The trigger to start or to increase the reproductive period in coral reef plmieri can be directly related to environmental factors, such as temperature and ocean currents varying greatly from place-to-place Munday et al.

There is a series of dark blue stripes on the head, margined with yellow-bronze running back into the body.