Stöber, J. (). The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale: More perfect with four (instead of six) dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences. Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt, P.L., & Flett, G.L. (). Perfectionism and depression: A multidimensional analysis. Journal of Social Behavior. Abstract. Twenty-five years ago, one of the first empirically validated measures of perfectionism, the. Frost et al. Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (F-MPS).

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Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale: the portuguese version

This research project was reviewed and approved by the Ethical Committee of the Faculty of Medicine of University of Coimbra. This scale has been validated and reveals good psychometric characteristics in many countries and cultures. The majority of the Organization items and the item 13 did not increase the alpha. In fact, it is the official language of countries belonging to all the continents: Originally, the scale included six subscales: The validation of the FMPS Portuguese version offers a good and useful instrument for research and clinical purposes and expands the opportunity to investigate the adaptive and maladaptive aspects of perfectionism in Portuguese speaking populations.

To ensure comparability between studies we provide data for FMPS total score either considering the items from the O dimension, either not. Although having found these slight differences, the results from these studies support the internal validity of the four factor solution, which is psychometrically robust and was replicated in different cultures.


Literature findings have indicated that perfectionism may be characterized by positive and negative dimensions, differently linked to various adaptive and maladaptive processes and outcomes. The Pearson correlation between the two MPS scales total scores was high. The six factors were significant, as their eigenvalues 7. In respect to each dimension the explained variance was of: O “perfil de estados de humor”: The four component solution explained Peefectionism handbook of psychological testing.

Some exceptions were the majority of the Organization items and item How to cite this article.

Results revealed that 29 items contributed significantly for the scale’s internal consistency. Services on Demand Journal. The two factorial structures of four and six dimensions of the Portuguese version of Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale replicate the results from different froost, with different samples and cultures.

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The Kaiser-Meyer-Oklin value was of. After they agreed to participate, they filled in the questionnaires. The cost of being perfect: To analyse the contribution of each item to the scale internal consistency, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the total scale, excluding each item were calculated and compared with the total scale alpha. There are no potential conflicts of interest.

The co-operation of the students is gratefully acknowledged. The Cronbach’s alphas excluding each item were calculated and compared with the total alpha.

Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale – Stöber (1998)

London and New York: The PE and PC scales reflect the belief that one’s parents set very high goals and multidimeensional overly critical. The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale. Corrected item-total correlations ranged from. The discrepancies found were discussed between the research team and the independent reviewers.


The inclusion of the O dimension was not consensual. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. With approximately million speakers, Portuguese is one of the most spoken languages in the multidimensiojal. This dimension is included in the Frost et al. This English version was discussed by three English-speaking experts in psychological assessment.

The PA revealed six components with eigenvalues exceeding the corresponding criterion for a randomly generated data matrix of the same size 35 variables x respondents. The research aims and its voluntary nature were explained to the students. The four factor solution explained It is commonly viewed as a personality trait characterized by striving for flawlessness and by the setting of excessively high standards for performance which is accompanied by a tendency to be overly critical of one’s behavior 1.

Profile of mood states. The Profile of Mood States.

The six factor solution. Conversely, PE was significantly and positively associated with PA.