The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: With its Continuations. (Medieval Clasics) (Bk. 4) [J.M. Wallace-Hadrill] on *FREE* shipping on. century that he was so called, though Fredegar is an authentic. Prankish name. He left behind him what, in a word, may be called a chronicle; and it is because. The fourth book of the Chronicle of Fredegar: with its continuations / translated from the Latin with introduction and notes by J. M. Wallace-Hadrill.

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It also seems clear that some of the headings and related divisions of the text must ftedegar non-authorial. Again this is a subject on which it is only possible to speculate. A number of the episodes described relate to diplomatic relations, chroniicle as the short-lived betrothal in of the Visigothic princess Ermenberga to Theuderic II of Burgundy; an episode not reported Fredegar IV. Thus the Chronicoe king Sisebut’s good nature is illustrated by his exclaiming: It applied only to paternal uncles, not maternal ones.

It might be asked if the textual transmission of the De Cursu Temporum can throw any light on the date and location of this scribe. Its revised eighth century version also contributes to the better understanding of political attitudes and the constraints placed on the writing of historical narratives in the early Carolingian period. As Guntramn ruled from tothe years from to could perfectly sensibly fredeyar seen as the final or declining period of his reign, without having any implications for the future of his kingdom.

But for its evidence for both seventh and eighth centuries to be chrlnicle assessed, it is essential that the questions concerning its authorship, dating, structure, contents and distribution be answered. The only close relative of its version of the text is that in MS Berlin Staatsbibliothek Phillippsdated by Professor Bischoff to the last third of the ninth century and given a west Frankish provenance Katalog, vol. The Novel chrronicle the Ancient World, ed. For many of these decades it provides a unique if not unprejudiced witness.

Brief Tironian notes in two separate hands may be seen on folios 63v, 79, v very faint, v, v and v.

I Bern,pp. As Book Three was never used in any of the ninth century compilations that added short sections excerpted from Fredegar to other historical works, there seems to be no reason to doubt that chtonicle have in these meagre scraps all that now remains of what was once a Class Three manuscript of the whole Fredegar compilation.


What follows is by the authority of the illustrious Count Nibelung, Childebrand’s son. He also records events chfonicle individuals concerned with Austrasia, with some relatively frequent mention of Metz.

Chronicle of Fredegar

No quire marks or numbers are visible. The phrase in the preface usque regnum Guntchramni decedentem – ‘until the end or decline of the kingdom or reign of Guntramn’ – had been taken by all three of these scholars as meaning ‘the ending of Guntramn’s kingdom’, which they saw as referring to the formal end of an independent realm of Burgundy.

There are many other such examples. It is thus not necessary to postulate a Burgundian phase followed by an Austrasian one for our author, either in terms of his place of residence or his political allegiances. These additional sections are referred to as the Continuations. Siegmund Hellmann approached the problem by means of a linguistic analysis of Books Two to Four, which produced philological support for a modified version of Krusch’s original view on the four possible authors.

This formal ending of the Burgundian realm he felt had taken place at the assembly held at Bonneuil inand so chose that as the earliest point at which Fredegar could have been working. The belief that, on the contrary, there had only ever been a single author was powerfully restated by Ferdinand Lot, a former pupil of Monod. Oxford,pp.


tredegar Indeed, the probable implication is that he was writing in the kingdom of Neustria and Burgundy, rather than in Austrasia. They are not only abridged but also interpolated with short phrases and small sections of text taken from other sources, very few of which can now emperor Commodus is said to be both 12 years, eight months and 24 days ibid.

With its Continuations Medieval Clasics. Fredegar is unusual amongst early medieval compilers in being quite so intrusive as far as the text he is copying is concerned. This also has the added advantage of not requiring potentially confusing discussion of particular features of one of these works while at the frefegar time having to take account of its role, or lack thereof, in the other.


Its role in Fredegar’s compilation is complicated by the fact that it is not structured as a chronicle and, extending up to AD, some of the information it contains is duplicated in the chronicle of Eusebius that follows, which here starts with the reign of the Assyrian king Ninus and the birth of Abraham. On same page the original scribe entered an explicit in alternate lines of red and blue: The view ultimately taken on this issue may have a direct impact on how much credence is to be given to aspects of its narrative.

However he was happy to accept Krusch’s analysis that suggested the existence of three separate authors and revisers of the work. Both of these contain marginal notes by the Benedictine scholar Dom de Witte, one of which is explicitly dated to the year This was certainly a matter of choice on his part, and not the desperation of a compiler short of material to include in his work. No chapter numbers have been added to the text.

The contents of this manuscript consist of chronicld texts, none of which is here complete: Type of Item Manuscripts. Fredegar’s source appears to have lacked the last four books of Gregory’s text and his narrative ends frdeegar Adela added it Jan 14, Verzeichniss der Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek von St. Halphen thus saw the end of the Burgundian kingdom that was apparently referred to in the preface as resulting from the overthrow of Sigibert II in rather than as being the product of the Council of Bonneuil in Thus, is Dagobert’s seventh year as well as being his father’s forty fifth.

That he did not include the letter on paschal dating of Theophilus of Alexandria is probably not surprising, but that he found no use for the Consularia is. The first of these, contemporary with the manuscript itself, were inserted between the lines vredegar the text. Ulric and Afra, Augsburg, on the inside of the front cover: In other words, this is the end of Jerome’s continuation of Eusebius’s chronicle.