Franciscan missionary, b. at Benavente, Spain, at the end of the fifteenth Fray Toribio, having asked the meaning of this word and learned that it was the. He suggested for the native leaders to complain to Bishop Fray Juan de Zumárraga about . Catholic Encyclopedia on Fray Toribio de Benavente Motolinia. Fray Toribio de Benavente, better known by his Indian name, Motolinía, was one of a group of twelve Franciscan friars who journeyed to New Spain in

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The custom of this country is not the best in the world, for the Indians do the work, get the materials at their own expense, pay the stonemasons and carpenters, and if they do not bring their own food, they go hungry. The captains waged war savagely along the highways and tore down every bit of the city that they captured; before this practice was instituted, so as the Spaniards retired to their campes at night the Indians re-took all that the Spaniards had won during the day and reopened the highways.

See if you have enough points for this item. Such was the man whom Motolinia sought to oppose, and his attitude was shared by men of the most upright character, e. Upon walking through Tlaxcala the Indians said of his ragged Franciscan robes “Motolinia”, Nahuatl for “one who is poor or afflicted.

Civil and church authorities often clashed over policies, and Fray Toribio became an outspoken critic of “the Spaniards,” his epithet for Spanish laity whose maltreatment of the Indians was, he believed, jeopardizing not only his efforts to convert the native peoples but also the entire Spanish colonial enterprise. Tlaxcala Nahua state — Tlaxcala was a pre-Columbian city and state in central Mexico.

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After the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire in opened up the vast territories of South America to further conquests, the Crown established an independent Viceroyalty of Peru there in 4.


Toribio of Benavente, O.

These dissensions were the cause of the execution of some Spaniards and the injury and exile of others. Number of Nahuatl speakers per state Mexico only.

An early chapter of Motolinia’s history recounts what he considered the ten plagues afflicting New Spain, bringing the Biblical metaphor of the Ten Plagues into the unfolding events in early Mexico. Some reached home in such a state that they died soon after.

It was well connected to Mexicos North, particularly the region around Zacatecas. As he and his companions on their way to the City of Mexico passed through Tlaxcala, the Torjbio, seeing the humble aspect and ragged habits of the religious, kept repeating to each other the word motolinia.

Fray Toribio, having asked the meaning of this word and learned that it was the Mexican for poorsaid: The city was founded ffray in an area called Cuetlaxcoapan and this valley was not populated in the 16th century as in the pre-Hispanic period, this area was primarily used to the flower wars between a number of populations.

When Cortes set out on the expedition to Las Hibueras, the influence of Motolinia over the Indians was so great that the conqueror commissioned him to see that “no rising took place in Mexico or the other provinces” during his absence. In fact, in a famous letter to King Charles V of Spainhe undertook a virulent attack on Las Casas, intending to discredit him completely.

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Print edition must be purchased new and sold by Amazon. Cambridge University Pressp. Retrieved from ” https: They carry all the material on their backs and drag the beams and big stones with ropes, and as they had no machinery and plenty of people, they used four hundred men to transport a stone that required one hundred. The bodies of these Indians and of the slaves who died in the mines produced such a stench that it caused a pestilence, especially at the mines of Oaxyecac.

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Toribio de Benavente Motolinia – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia

Inthe encomenderos of Chiapas asked for him to come there to defend them against Las Casas but he declined, in the same way he declined a position as bishop offered to him by the king.

More than half the Spaniards died in the retreat from the city, and nearly all the others were wounded, as were also the friendly Indians; in fact the whole force came very near to destruction and had great difficulty in getting back to Tlaxcallan, because of the many warriors who followed them all the way.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The seventh plague was the building of the great city of Mexico, which, in the first years, employed more people than the building of the of Jerusalem. Learn more about Amazon Prime.

File:Benavente – Bajorrelieve de Fray Toribio de Benavente, ‘Motolinía’.jpg – Wikimedia Commons

A series of prolonged droughts, among other such as overpopulation, in what is otherwise a seasonal desert is thought to have decimated the Maya.

Until motlinia, the Preclassic was regarded as a period, with small villages of farmers who lived in huts.

Motolinia said the first Mass here on 16 April,and with his companions made the allotments of land choosing for the convent the site upon which is still to be seen the beautiful church of San Francisco.

Returning to Mexico, he was guardian successively at Texcoco and Tlaxcala, and was chosen sixth provincial of the Province of Mofolinia Evangelio.

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Provincial of the province of the Holy Gospel. They never do anything motolknia demand, and however much people give them they are never content, for wherever they are they infect and corrupt everything, as foul as putrid flesh. He may have foreseen the extremely grave evils that would have resulted to the social system, as it was then established in New Spain, if the theories of Las Casas had become completely dominant.

Module 01: Demographic Catastrophe — What Happened to the Native Population After 1492?

The letter to the king is an important document, clarifying the Franciscan position of baptizing as many Indians as possible if they presented themselves for it.

Nicaragua is a democratic republic. Charles V’s European territories.

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