Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint · Franz Brentano. Routledge () Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and Experimental Bradford. Franz Brentano (). Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. I. The Concept and Purpose of Psychology. Source: Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint. This standpoint is clearly mirrored in his empirical approach to psychology. It is noteworthy.
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Psychology from An Empirical Standpoint
In so doing, they in no way restrict the domain of the natural sciences. Book ratings by Goodreads. There is no branch of science that has borne less fruit for our knowledge of nature and life, and yet there is none which holds greater promise of satisfying our most essential needs. For example, it will definitely be the task of the psychologist to ascertain the first mental phenomena which are aroused by a physical stimulus, even if he cannot dispense with looking at physiological facts in so doing.
Its theory, I would frm to suggest, will merely be a different arrangement and further development of psychological principles directed toward the attainment of a practical goal.
Thus, while judgments and emotions consist in taking either a positive or a negative stance, the value of a presentation is always positive, but comes in degrees: What an increase in mental power mankind would achieve if the basic mental conditions which determine the different aptitudes for being a poet, a scientist, or a man of practical ability could be fully ascertained beyond any doubt by means of psychological analysis!
We can probably also prove that there must be relations among these realities similar to those bgentano are manifested by spatial phenomena shapes and sizes.
Philosophy as a Rigorous Science and the Rise of Scientific Psychology One of Brentano’s main principles was that philosophy should be done with methods that are as rigorous and exact as the methods of the natural sciences.
Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint – Wikipedia
Anyone who could push his doubt this far would reach a state of absolute doubt, a scepticism which would certainly destroy itself, because it would have destroyed any firm basis upon which it could endeavour to attack knowledge. After some time his influence was eclipsed by the work of his students, some of who founded philosophical traditions on their own: Consciousness in 19th Century Philosophy.
But this remains to be investigated, and the investigation of this question, which is the job of the psychologist because it deals with laws of comparative judgement, could yield a result quite different from what was expected.
In the light of other texts by Brentano from the same period lsychology argue that he distinguishes between intentional correlate and object, and that the existence of the latter does not depend on our being directed towards it.
Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint is Brentano’s most important and brilliant work. Physical observations have more extensive application here. Verlag von Veit und Comp. If we try to resolve the problem by taking the intentional object to be identical with the real object, on the other hand, we face the difficulty of explaining how we can have mental phenomena that are directed towards non-existing objects such as Hamlet, the golden mountain, or a round square.
He seems to admit that next to concrete things there standppint irrealiathat is, objects that to not really exist but have the status of thought-objects or, as he puts it, entia rationisthat do not have an essence and do not stand in causal relations. Doubt on this point seems to be well-founded. Paul Vitzwho calls Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint Brentano’s greatest work, notes that while Brentano rejected the unconscious, “his answer followed largely from his definitions of consciousness and unconsciousness, and the evidence subsequently available to Freud did not, of course, figure in Brentano’s thought.
A charismatic teacher, Brentano exerted a strong influence on the work of Edmund Husserl, Alexius Meinong, Christian von Ehrenfels, Kasimir Twardowski, Carl Stumpf, and Anton Marty, among others, and thereby played a central role in btentano philosophical development of central Europe in the early twentieth century. There are certain phenomena which once seemed familiar and obvious and appeared to brenrano an explanation for things which had been obscure.
Franz Brentano, Psychology From an Empirical Standpoint – PhilPapers
Religion und Philosophieempirifal. From this Brentano concludes that sometimes we are inclined to say that we had an unconscious mental phenomenon when actually we only had a conscious mental phenomenon of very low intensity. In the same way, the animal kingdom, insofar as it, like plants and inorganic things is an object of external perception, bdentano excluded from their field of research.
On the assumption that it lacked consciousness, the entire realm of vegetative life ceased to be considered within the scope of their investigations.
The mature science would have to abandon the question of immortality, but we could say that, as consolation, the zealous efforts which stemmed from a desire for the impossible have led to the solution of other questions whose far-reaching significance cannot be called into question.
He proposes six criteria to distinguish mental from physical phenomena, the most important of which are: The Location of Culture Homi K. For a reconstruction and discussion of the details of Brentano’s early ontology, cf. But it is just as easy to understand, then, why psychology has not borne more abundant fruit up until now. Both are not considered to be denizens of reality in a narrow sense, but rather fictions that have a foundation in reality. This is a survey of psychological problems from the point of view of one of the most important advocates of psychology as a purely phenomenalistic science.
Moreover, Kriegel suggests that for Brentano this self-representational aspect is a necessary condition for having a presentation Kriegel It seems beyond doubt, therefore, that in the future – and to a certain extent perhaps the not too distant future – psychology will exert a considerable influence upon the practical aspects of life.
Experience and AnalysisVienna: In later texts, he therefore suggested to see intentionality as an exceptional form of relation. Not every presentations is of particular aesthetic value, though; in order to be so, it has to become the object of an emotion in which one correctly takes a positive stance towards it.