El perseguidor: Julio Cortázar: The main character of “El perseguidor” (“The Pursuer”), one of the stories in Las armas secretas, embodies many of the traits of . In , the Argentine writer Julio Cortázar published a short story entitled “El Perseguidor” (“The Pursuer”) that vividly brought to life the bebop scene of s . Julio Cortázar: El perseguidor. El perseguidor. Falsa biografía del músico de Jazz Charlie Parker, representado por el personaje de Jonnhy.

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He helps Johnny, cortazr part, in order to make sure that his biography is successful, and he tries to keep Johnny off of drugs, in part, so that Johnny will remain famous for his music and not for his incredibly complex psychology, which Bruno’s biography completely omits.

Bruno’s attitude of religious faith in his deification of Johnny is echoed in the first scene of the story, when Bruno comes to visit Johnny, who describes him as “faithful old buddy Bruno. The most pronounced of Johnny’s obsessions is time, which confounds him because he sees that it is not a linear or collective phenomenon.

El perseguidor

Parker’s debut in Paris was a tremendous success, and during the following five years he met perseugidor a mix of triumphs and disastrous failures due to his personal problems. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. While Johnny is described variously as an angel, devil, or god, Bruno also describes Johnny’s followers as angels of a sort. First, it emphasizes that Bruno uses racism as a way of dealing with his insecurity around Johnny.

Considering his decision not to include Johnny’s psychological and physical abnormalities and illnesses in the biography, Bruno asks him again about the book and Johnny responds, “what you forgot to put in is me. Modern Language Association http: But one thing that the pursuers all have in common is a difficult and frustrating desire to achieve their goals.

Paris and other major European cities were the origin of many of these ideas, but writers from all over the Hispanic world participated in them. Late in the story, Bruno describes Johnny’s role among his friends and listeners as that of a religious martyr, who provides a spiritual cleansing of the world by suffering for the sins of mankind.

The Pursuer

Johnny’s suspicions and strife may be lost on his fictional critic, but, in the end, his struggle infects the actual writer who created both musician and critic. In many ways, Tica’s character is based on the Baroness Pannonica “Nica” de Koenigswarter, a benefactor and socialite who befriended and financially supported many jazz musicians, including Charlie Parker and Thelonious Monk.

Bruno thus implies that Johnny, brought to his knees with suffering, is akin to Christ on cortasar cross, suffering for the sins of humanity. Further, the onlookers seem to derive some comfort or satisfaction from Johnny’s display of suffering, and thus resent Bruno’s efforts to end this display, just as, the narrator suggests, people derive a kind of comfort from the religious martyrdom of Jesus Christ.


Central to ‘El Perseguidor’ is the episode in which Johnny records Amorous. In explaining his childhood to Bruno, he equates both his parents’ fights over money specifically, over their home mortgage with the religion they imposed upon him as aspects of his childhood that he found unbearable. But unlike a writer of fiction, whose success or failure in portraying a character can be persegiudor finally only in their own hearts, Bruno the critic has the opportunity, or the punishment, of coming face to face with the man he has tried to capture in his now-famous biography.

He questions the validity and value of his own methods of preaching the message delivered by Johnny through his music, when he asks himself, “What kind of preacher am I? Hodeir, a biographer and critic largely grouped with the s Parisian literati, is in many ways a model for Bruno.

The Pursuer |

He uses the example of cutting a loaf of bread, which he cannot understand because it seems that the bread must change into something else when he touches it or cuts it. She lives in Chicago with her daughter Bee, who dies of pneumonia. Bruno’s help may not actually help Johnny much.

Log In Sign Up. Their problem is that Johnny is still a living man, still capable of defying everything they think, or have written, about him. Perhaps this is one reason Johnny continually loses his saxophone; he desires to be taken not simply for his music but for himself.

And Bruno is able to help him communicate, to a point, translating Johnny’s almost incomprehensible assertion that “I’m playing that tomorrow” into clear, even lyrical, critical language: More than the particulars of Johnny’s new and unique vision of the world, this stylistic development is the story’s major contribution to the period’s changing philosophies of art and narrative. Or one can strike out into uncharted waters, unknown lands. So he turns to Bruno, whose art is working with words, for help.

The most important stylistic technique of “The Pursuer” is its unique use of past, present, and future verb tenses to narrate the story. Berkeley and Los Angeles: Then Johnny arrives, in “great shape” with a moderate amount of drugs in his system and optimistic about the concert that perseguidof.

In fact, the details of Johnny’s life, including the years of his travels, his drug habits, his musical style, and his relationship with a rich friend and benefactor, suggest that Johnny may actually represent Charlie Parker. The s was a decade of great turmoil in the French colonial world, as well as a decade perseguidorr major political changes in the Hispanic sl. In the process, he explores a number of different explanations of the phenomenon of Johnny.


While the three of them drink rum and coffee, Johnny talks about time, one of his “manias,” or cortazag obsessions, using the subway and an elevator as examples of time not working in a rational way.

Johnny is fascinated by the glimpse of transcendence he gets through his music, and profoundly frustrated by his inability to put it into words. Mirrors give faithful reflections.

El perseguidor | work by Cortázar |

Tica goes over to deal with Johnny while Bruno flirts with Baby and finds out from two musicians in Johnny’s new group that Johnny is “barely able to play anything.

Johnny Carter’s character is in many ways meant to refer to the alto saxophonist Charlie Parker. Other critics, such as Doris Sommer in her essay “Pursuing a Perfect Present,” discuss the relationship of the critic and the artist as it relates to the story’s innovations in narrative structure: Regardless of Johnny’s insistence that Bruno remove the religious references from the biography, Bruno decides to leave the second and subsequent editions of the biography as is, without trying to revise it in accordance with Johnny’s criticisms of how he and his music have been represented.

His analysis of jazz music, originally published cortaar French inis most famous for the light it sheds on Charlie Parker. Bruno has made his name with a book on Johnny Carter, a brilliant alto saxophonist closely modeled on Charlie “Bird” Parker.

Johnny is recovering from another bout of heavy drinking and drug use, he has once again lost his sax, and he is in a bad mood. If anything, he was protecting Johnny. If not accompanied by reference, other quotes are translated by the author of this paper.

Bruno struggles to express the essence of what makes Johnny and his music so awe-inspiring. Other references to spirituality, religion, and god cortazad the story are less direct. That Bruno regards Johnny’s musical abilities as godlike is further expressed when corhazar struggles to describe the awe-inspiring effect of Johnny’s live performance at a club one night, observing.

Parker, later known as “Bird” or “Yardbird” throughout the jazz world, grew up in an abusive family and developed severe drug habits by the time he dropped out of school at fifteen. perseguisor

The first, as Sommer argues, is to imitate the improvisational genius of Charlie Parker’s bebop music. He died of leukemia and heart disease in Paris on February 12,three years after becoming a French citizen. Even Johnny Carter’s initials—J.