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Other country-specific information may be available in certain areas on demand. It also envisages interventions to reduce the commercik burden on firms and to promote work—life reconciliation. In greater detail, specific categories of disadvantaged commerico will have the possibility to access the special APE, which is funded by the State. In the framework of measures addressing retirement rules and pension benefits, and following a long phase of consultations with trade unions, the Budget Law introduced three early retirement schemes targeting people aged at least 63 who are no more than three years and seven months away from statutory retirement age: Non-institutional funds are those that pursue goals or implement schemes that are self-regulated by collective bargaining.

Another change introduced by the Jobs Act is the possibility to make the part-time contract more flexible, by simplifying the regulation on additional working hours. The applicable legislation envisages new incentives for hiring people with disabilities: Industrial relations context The Italian industrial relations framework has undergone numerous changes in recent years, moving towards an increasingly important role for decentralised bargaining and a closer link between wages and productivity.

As shown in the table below, the shares of part-time workers are aligned with the EU average, with a slightly greater difference between women and ocmmercio.

Currently, there are three kinds of apprenticeship: Finally, the implementation of industrial restructuring processes often envisages agreements — to be concluded between companies and trade unions — that support generational turnover, frequently through early retirement schemes or the hiring of young people.


Pursuant to Act no. Instead, the creation of permanent ccnk has been fuelled through the intervention of the state, mainly by means of subsidises for open-ended contracts entered by private employers.

The new system will commercuo not only workers excluding managers employed under indefinite contracts, but also: Relationships between employers and employees are regulated in considerable detail by Italian law and — where applicable — by the relevant National Collective Bargaining Agreement NCBAwhich leaves only a few matters to be settled by individual negotiations and agreements. The trend shows a progressive shift in congesercenti of strength and importance from national-level union activity to the decentralised level, in which special provisions are set for employers and employees.

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Two months before and three months after delivery or one month before and four months after delivery. All’ when asked ‘Official structure of employee representation present at establishment’. Weekend work There is no legal regulation on weekend work. Certain specific aspects of work, such as incentive remuneration schemes, performance bonuses, productivity standards, and special types of indemnities, are regulated at decentralised level territorial regional or provincial level or company level.

This section looks into psychosocial risks and health and safety in Italy. Coop Bipartite vocational training fund National cooperatives Training National Bilateral Institution for the Craft Sector Ente Bilaterale Nazionale Artigianato, EBNA Bipartite non-institutional fund Sectoral craft sector Research, coordination, and monitoring of local bilateral bodies in the craft sector that are active in the fields of training, income support, welfare provision, and safety at work.

Individual dismissal for just cause giusta causa: Friday, July 27, The general APE can be accessed by other workers upon taking out a year loan intended to pay back the anticipated sum, as well as a life insurance policy subsidised by the State.


Industrial action and disputes Legal aspects The right confeserccenti strike is connfesercenti in Article 40 of the Italian Constitution. Decentralised collective agreements can only step up minimum standards provided for by national collective agreements.

Even though TU is not applicable to SMEs, it may trigger, in coming years, several changes within the evolving Italian industrial relations system. Part-time work is generally governed by NCBAs, with some specific aspects confesdrcenti at firm level. For employees hired before Marchfor dismissal without either giusta causa or giustificato motivo found by the Court, two scenarios lie ahead: European Working Conditions Survey confewercenti Data visualisation. The same obligations shall apply to political parties, trade unions, and NGOs.

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The provisions contained in those laws concern in most aspects only workers operai and employees impiegatiand do not affect executives dirigenti. Some types of time flexibility strategies are beginning to be provided for or introduced in collective agreements, but the general trend is to fix working hours within a specific time span, generally from comjercio Collective agreements do not set out specific procedures to be followed in order to settle a dispute in front of these committees, which are in charge of the strict application of collectively agreed provisions.

European Working conditions survey Confesercento and safety at work The overall number of accidents at work has been decreasing in recent years, both in absolute terms and compared to employment rates. In general terms, several changes have been made cohfesercenti parental and maternity leave. These provisions substantially limit certain rights of the employer.